Program: Jwande Jazbe
Topic: Education has no age limit
Guest#1: Rafaqatullah (Teacher Government School)
Field Story 1: 46 years old teacher is doing intermediate from Khyber Agency
(Reporter Farid Shinwari)
Anchor Person: Saima Gul
Co-Anchor Person: Khan Baba
âSummary: Each and every human has right to be educated regardless of his/her age. Learning or education has no age bar. Without proper education we cannot move ahead and to have a strong and stable economy. In todayâs modern age, education has become important for all human beings. Everyone wants to get educated at the best level. Quality education is vital for ensuring the socio-economic development of any country. Education particularly in the field of science and technology could play an important role in eradicating unemployment as well as to enable the youth to compete in the present global environment.
Saima Gul: Mr. Rafaqat, what is the significance of education? Is there any age limit for education?
Rafaqatullah: Education has no age limit and an individual should acquire education from birth till death. One should dedicate every moment of his life to learning. A person usually learns accidently. For example he learns from his experiences, the environment and day to day events and happenings. We need to offer most of our time to gaining knowledge and to keep aware ourselves about new developments and happenings in the world.
Pervez caller 1: I belong to Mardan district, education is mandatory upon both man and woman and without it, we cannot make the dream of a true civilized and liberal society come true. I am especially thankful to CRSS management that it brings diverse topics for listeners and educate them regarding different issues and problems. It has given a voice to suppressed and poor segment of the society and we can openly talk about our issues through this platform.
Rafaqatullah: I am himself an example before the people that my age is almost 50 and I just recently completed M. Phil and am going to do Ph.D. (Doctor of Philosophy). It shows age factor doesnât matter, if a person has strong will and determination for education. An educated person can better solve matters then an illiterate person and he will always try to seek solution to different kind of issues through negotiation and deliberation.
I went to United Kingdom in 2012, where my friend was already residing there. Once he told me that he is going to college, I surprised to listen this, because he was 60. He was doing a course from a college. The college was serving much older persons than him. People in west think that their education and knowledge can benefit the whole society.
Mukamil Shah caller 2: I belong to Gulbahar Peshawar, some old people with conservative thinking oppose use of technology and modern education. I think they must allow their children to take benefit of new development in the field of science and technology. Similarly some people disallow their children to watch TV and cable, these sources could be utilized for learning purposes as well. We are living in a Google era and without access to technology and internet, we cannot go side by side the developed countries of the world. There is no shame or embracement, if we learn something from our young ones.
âReportâ: 46 years old Banaras Khan is a residence of Shinwari area in Landi Kotal, Khyber Agency. He completed his matriculation from his homeland in 1988 and then joined teaching profession. After 24 years, he appeared in intermediate examinations from Government Degree College Landi Kotal along with his son.
Teacher: âI couldnât acquire further education after matriculation, due to poor economic conditions and absence of a conducive environment. My school (Government High School Landi Kotal), was situated in a far-flung area Ashkhela and there was no transport facility therefore I had to go to school on feet. My father had been paralyzed at that time and he was unable to afford my educational expenses. There was no other source of income through which I could bear my educationâ.
Reporter: When his educational activities ended, he joined Jamaat-e-Islami, a religious political group in Pakistan.
Teacher: âIn Law Collage, I joined studentâs wing of JI called Jamait-Islamia Talba and I spent almost five months with the students. In this way, I achieved membership of Jamaat-e-Islami (JI). My children supported me for further education and after 24 years, I took part in examinations. I have worked hard and I hope, I will obtain excellent marks in the examinationsâ.
Reporter: He has strong determination to continue his educational activities in future too and want to do master in Pashto language.
Teacher: âPashto is my favorite subject and I want to do master and then M.Phil and Ph.D. in this subject. I want to show the people that education can be acquired in any age and older persons should not shy while doing so. I appeal to Governor KP and Political Administration Khyber Agency to take steps for promotion of education in the agency and grant scholarship to all children, who want to get education. I have nine children including five daughters and they all are gaining education therefore I am unable to afford their educational expenses. Government must assist us in this regard. I hope my children will become active and productive citizens of the country and they will play a vital role in development and prosperity of the regionâ. Endsâ¦
Saima Gul: It is the spirit of Banaras Khan that in presence of many problems, he is getting education. Recently a child Rai Haris Manzoor from Rawalpindi city of Pakistan made a new world record by passing Oâ Level at the age of nine. He appeared in Oâ Level examinations of the University of Cambridge, in which genius and extraordinary students from all over the world take part. To engage with the activity of gaining knowledge is important for people of all walks of life. For example without research and study, a doctor cannot know about new diseases, viral and new medicines. Similarly a lawyer cannot deal with new and challenging cases efficiently, in case he doesnât undertake proper research and study for that.
Rafaqatullah: Every normal human is blessed with equal brain. There are three kinds of people living in the world i.e. genius, normal and abnormal. An estimated 80 percent population of the world is normal, 10% genius and 10% is abnormal. I would like to share with the listeners that new research reveals that learning may begin in womb or before birth of a baby.
Khan Baba: From your discussion, I have learned that knowledge is sea and learning is a continuous process that never ends. I always opposed that old people cannot get education, but I was wrong.
Saima Gul: Sometimes educated people do not find reasonable job, it gives an opportunity to those people, who are against education and think education has no benefit and just waste of time.
Rafaqatullah: If a person thinks, he is enough rich and he doesnât need education, it is his misconception. On the other hand if a poor individual with no land and property, focuses on education, so I think he will be more a productive citizen than an illiterate person and will have satisfaction in life.
Kemya Gul caller 3: The program is interesting and at the same time, it is educating the masses at grassroots level. I think we should not laugh at older persons, if they go to colleges or learning institutions, since in West too people keep themselves engage in learning and sporting activities and they do not shy. Mr. Khan Baba should also try to focus on education.
Husain Afridi caller 4: I hail from Khyber tribal region, I would like to aware the listeners that if they want to get education, but they couldnât give time to go educational institutions, due to job or any other reason, so Allama Iqbal Open University has launched distance education program for them. They can take part in examinations from homes and they will be provided concerned books at their doorstep. In this way, people in all age groups can obtain degree from the University. Similarly I would suggest that there is dire need to promote technical education in the country. Sorry to say our youth donât want to adopt professions like carpentering, tailoring, electrician and mechanic etc. since these professions are considered inferior in the country however as long as the time passes and they donât find a suitable job, then they realized the importance of technical education.
Rafaqatullah: There are countless diverse professions in the world, so we should not think only about medical and engineering. By developing any skill, we can find a reasonable source of earning and can lead a respected life.
Munawir caller 5: I am from Upper Dir, I am proud of CRSS programs, since these programs are playing vital role in sensitizing the listeners towards different issues and promoting peace, education and tranquility in the region. I think education and development is possible in presence of peace. Such kinds of programs will motivate people at grassroots level and they will come forward to play their due role in different spheres. CRSS should keep up the good work, its informative programs will benefit the generations to come. As a nation, we should set a goal and should strive to achieve it.
Saima Gul: Mr. Rafaqat, in past a person couldnât appear in board examinations, in case he was overage. What is the new policy in this regard?
Rafaqatullah: Peshawar Board of Intermediate had the policy in past that due to age factor, people were not legible to take part in board examinations, but this policy ended few years back. Now even a 50 year old person or above can also take part in metric examinations.
Saima Gul: Can a student from lower class directly take part in metric examinations, on the basis of his capability?
Rafaqatullah: It would be almost impossible for a normal student, who is studying at primary class and you directly admit him in higher class. It would not only be cruelty with him, but he would certainly be unable to study books of higher grade, except in rare cases.
Saima Gul: We have many such intelligent students in state-run schools, who are capable to be enrolled in higher classes and to give them opportunity to demonstrate their capability in education and go ahead. But unfortunately their talent has been wasting in public schools?
Rafaqatullah: A teacher knows about intelligent students in his class, he is legally and ethically responsible to identify such students and to refer them to higher classes. I would also appeal to the government to facilitate schools in public sector and raise its educationâs standard. There are many children in the country, who are denied from their basic right to education, due to unavailability of schools and favorable environment particularly in isolated areas.
Saima Gul: Recently a woman completed Nazra Quran in age of ninety. Apart from government, private institutions and people from different walks of life should come forward and they should support poor children for education that will help increase the literacy rate in the country. A philosopher has well said that a person gets old, when he stops gaining knowledge. Khan Baba can also learn from his youngsters and they can help him in his education.